spring 2012

CS376: Research Topics in Human-Computer Interaction

Monday & Wednesday, 1:15PM – 3:05PM, GSB Littlefield 107

Scott Klemmer, Gates 384, Office Hours: Fridays 4:30‑5:30pm

ta: Chinmay Kulkarni, Gates 377, Office Hours: Mondays 3.05pm - 4.30pm (office hours are held in Bytes Cafe)

Come see final project presentations on Fri Jun 8! Free and open to the public!


This course is a broad graduate-level introduction to HCI research. The course begins with seminal work on interactive systems, and moves through current and future research areas in interaction techniques and the design, prototyping, and evaluation of user interfaces. Topics include computer-supported cooperative work; audio, speech, and multimodal interfaces; user interface toolkits; design methods; evaluation methods; ubiquitous and context-aware computing; tangible interfaces; haptic interaction; and mobile interfaces.

This is a 4-unit course, open to all graduate students. For undergraduates, earning an A- or better in cs147 is a prerequisite. (Graduate students with a unit cap may enroll for 3 units; the workload is the same.) Students registered for the class will receive a letter grade—the "credit/no credit" option is not available.

Students in this course are encouraged to attend CS547, the HCI seminar; Fridays 12:50 - 2:05pm.

Course Structure

The course comprises two pieces: reading and discussing research papers, and a quarter-long research project.

For each class period, students will submit short commentaries on the assigned readings (submitted online in this format by 7am on the day of class). After 7am on the day of class, all commentaries will be made available for other students to read (again, through the online submission system). The discussion leader and course staff will all read these before class to prepare for discussion. Students are expected to do all of the readings; commentaries are only required for those marked on the syllabus.

Students will lead one class discussion each. For details on how to structure a discussion, go here. The discussant(s) should meet with Scott and Jesse at the end of the previous class - come to this meeting with a plan for your discussion. On discussion day, students submit their materials instead of their commentary using the online submission system. The discussant should read all student commentaries before class and integrate them into the discussion. Finally, the discussant is responsible for grading the student commentaries.


Note: Stanford students can use the Stanford Library proxy for off-campus access to the readings posted on ACM Portal.

Date Topic


2 April Introduction


As We May Think, Vannevar Bush, The Atlantic Monthly, July 1945.


4 April Input
Discussants: Arvind Satyanarayan + Kathryn Papadopoulos

User Technology: From Pointing to Pondering, Stuart K. Card and Thomas P. Moran, ACM Conference on the history of personal workstations, 1986, pp. 183 - 98.

Pen + touch = new tools Hinckley, K., Yatani, K., Pahud, M., Coddington, N., Rodenhouse, J., Wilson, A., Benko, H., and Buxton, B. UIST 2010 Proceedings of the 23nd annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology


Multi-Touch Systems that I Have Known and Loved, Bill Buxton.
9 April Models
Discussants: Aaron Konigsberg + Bryce Kam

Exploring and Finding Information, Pirolli, Chapter 7 HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks

A Morphological Analysis of the Design Space of Input Devices, Stuart K. Card, Jock D. Mackinlay, and George G. Robertson, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, Volume 9, Issue 2, 1992, pp. 99-122.

Research Group Partner Choices Due at end of class

11 April Research
Discussants: Jim Zheng + M.J Ma

The Science of Design, Herbert A. Simon in The Sciences of the Artificial, 1969, pp. 128-159.

Pasteur's Quadrant, Ch. 3, Stokes D.E., pp 58-89
13 April

Project Abstract Draft Due at 7:00am - Submit Online

16 April
Discussants: Clare Constantine + Alex Gamburg

The Computer for the 21st Century, Mark Weiser, Scientific American, September 1991, pp. 94 - 104.

How Bodies Matter: Five Themes for Interaction Design, Scott Klemmer, Bjoern Hartmann, Leila Takayama in Proceedings of DIS 2006
18 April Ideas
Discussants: Joy Kim + Andrew Altman

Creative Hypothesis Generating in Psychology: Some Useful Heuristics, McGuire, W.J., Annual Review of Psychology, 48(1), 1-30.

An Ethnographic Approach to Design, Jeanette Blomberg, Mark Burrell, and Greg Guest, in The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook, A. Sears, J. Jacko, ed., 2003, pp. 964-986.
23 April Methods
Discussants: Brandon Rule (pokey) + behram mistree

Methodology Matters: Doing Research in the behavioral and social sciences, Joseph E. McGrath, in Readings in Human-Computer Interaction: Toward the Year 2000, R. M. Baecker, J. Grudin, W. A. S. Buxton, S. Greenberg, ed., 1995, pp. 152 - 169. (there is no change in the reading.)

A Survey Method for Characterizing Daily Life Experience: The Day Reconstruction Method Kahneman, D., Krueger, A., Schkade3, D., Schwarz, N., and Stone, A.Science, 3 December 2004
25 April Design
Discussants: Vidya Ramesh + Pawandeep Singh

Getting the Right Design and the Design Right: Testing Many Is Better Than One, Maryam Tohidi, William Buxton, Ronald Baecker, Abigail Sellen CHI 2006: ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1243 - 1252.

Parallel Prototyping Leads to Better Design Results, More Divergence, and Increased Self-Efficacy Dow S.P, Glassco A., Kass J., Schwarz M., Schwartz D., Klemmer, S., Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 11(4), 2010.


Data-driven Web Design Kumar R., Talton J.O., Ahmad S., Klemmer, S. R, Appearing in Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Machine Learning, 2012
27 April

Project Abstract Final Due at 7:00am - Submit Online

Please sign up for Project Progress Meetings.

30 April Physical/Virtual
Discussants: Luke Dahl

The infrastructure of experience and the experience of infrastructure: meaning and structure in everyday encounters with space Dourish, P., Bell, G., Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design advance online publication

On Distinguishing Pragmatic from Epistemic Action, David Kirsh and Paul Maglio, Cognitive Science, 1994, pp. 513-549.
2 May Attention
Discussants: Camille Lamy + Rebecca Poulson

Cognitive Control in Media Multitaskers Ophir, E., Nass, C., Wagner, A., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Models of attention in computing and communication: from principles to applications Horvitz, E., Kadie, C., Paek, T., Hovel, D., Communications of the ACM, Volume 46 Issue 3, March 2003
7 May Search
Guest Host: Terry Winograd (Scott at CHI)
Discussants: Joel Sadler + Daniel Smith

Example-Centric Programming: Integrating Web Search into the Development Environment, Brandt, J., Dontcheva, M., Weskamp, M., Klemmer, S.R., CHI 2010

The perfect search engine is not enough: a study of orienteering behavior in directed search, Teevan, J., Alvarado, C., Ackerman, M.S. and Karger, D.R., CHI 2004
9 May Social
Guest Host: Diana Maclean (Scott at CHI)
Discussants: Chun-Chang Chen + Janelle L. Tiulentino

Evidence-based social design: Introduction Paul Resnick, Robert Kraut, Evidence-based social design: Mining the social sciences to build online communities. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Read till Section 6.


Predicting Tie Strength With Social Media Gilbert, E., Karahalios, K., Proceedings of the 27th Internation Conference on Human Factors in Computign Systems, 2009


Amazon.com recommendations: item-to-item collaborative filtering, Greg Linden, Brent Smith, and Jeremy YorkInternet Computing, IEEE, February 2003, pp. 76 - 80.
14 May Crowds
Discussants: Kanit Wongsuphasawat (Ham) + Sébastien Robaszkiewicz

Harnessing the wisdom of crowds in wikipedia: quality through coordination Kittur, A,. Kraut, R., Proceedings of the 2008 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work


Soylent: A Word Processor with a Crowd Inside. Bernstein, M., Little, G., Miller, R.C., Hartmann, B., Ackerman, M., Karger, D.R., Crowell, D., and Panovich, K. In Proc. UIST 2010. ACM Press.
16 May Distance
Discussants: Michael White + Gary Lee

Beyond Being There, Jim Hollan and Scott Stornetta, CHI 1992: ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 119 - 25.


Distance Matters, Gary Olson and Judith Olson, Human-Computer Interaction, 15(2/3), 2000, pp. 139 - 178.


Pilot Study Exercise at end of class on May 16th

21 May Voice
Discussants: Wenqing Dai

Taking the Time to Care: Empowering Low Health Literacy Hospital Patients with Virtual Nurse Agents Bickmore, T., Pfeifer, L., and Jack, B., Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), Boston, MA, 2009


Designing SpeechActs: Issues in Speech User Interfaces, Nicole Yankelovich, Gian-Anne Levow, Matt Marx, CHI 1995: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 369 - 376.
23 May Pervasive
Discussants: Alan Joyce

Avaaj Otalo — A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India Patel, N., Chittamuru , D., Jain, A., Dave, P., Parikh, T. In Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2010)


The Design of Eco-Feedback Technology Froehlich, J.E., Findlater, L., and Landay, J.A., Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2010
28 May NO CLASS - Memorial Day
30 May Toolkits
Discussants: Bobby Georgescu


Past, Present, and Future of User Interface Software Tools, Brad Myers, Scott E. Hudson, Randy Pausch, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, March 2000, pp. 3 - 28.

Improving the Performance of motor-impaired users with automatically-generated, Ability-Based Interfaces, Gajos, K.Z., Wobbrock, J.O., Weld, D.S., Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth annual SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computings Systems, 2008
4 Jun
Discussants: Amy Jang + Eli Marschner

Introduction and Skinput: Appropriating the Skin as an Interactive Canvas. Harrison, C., Tan, D. Morris, D. Commun. ACM, Aug 2011


At the Flick of a Switch: Detecting and Classifying Unique Electrical Events on the Residential Power line Patel, S.N., Robertson, T., Kientz, J.A., Abowd, G.D., In the Proceedings of Ubicomp 2007, pp. 271-288.
6 June Design Research
Discussants: TBD

Design-oriented human-computer interaction Fallman, D. In the proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, 2003


Toolkits for User Innovation and Custom Design Von Hippel, E. Democratizing Innovation, ch. 11
8 June

Project Presentations · 12:15pm – 3:15pm, Gates 104

11 June

Project Papers Due at at 7:00am - Submit Online