spring 2010

CS376: Research Topics in Human-Computer Interaction

Tuesday & Thursday, 2:15PM – 3:30PM, 160-124

Scott Klemmer, Gates 384, Office Hours: Tuesdays 3:30pm-5pm

ta: Jesse Cirimele, Gates 382, Office Hours: Thursdays 3:30pm-5pm

Final Presentations

Friday June 4th, 12:45PM – 3:15PM

Guest Jurors: Terry Winograd and Stu Card

Location: Wallenberg 124 ( map )

Visitor Parking: near Cantor Art Center ( map ), and look for yellow and black 'P's on the map.


This course is a broad graduate-level introduction to HCI research. The course begins with seminal work on interactive systems, and moves through current and future research areas in interaction techniques and the design, prototyping, and evaluation of user interfaces. Topics include computer-supported cooperative work; audio, speech, and multimodal interfaces; user interface toolkits; design methods; evaluation methods; ubiquitous and context-aware computing; tangible interfaces; haptic interaction; and mobile interfaces.

Students in this course are encouraged to attend CS547, the HCI seminar, on Fridays from 12:50 - 2:00.

Course Structure

The course consists of two components: the reading and discussion of research papers, and a quarter-long research project.

For each class period, students will submit short commentaries on the assigned readings (submitted online in this format by 7am on the day of class). After 7am on the day of class, all commentaries will be made available for other students to read (again, through the online submission system). The discussion leader and course staff will all read these before class to prepare for discussion. Students are expected to do all of the readings, but commentaries are only required for those marked on the syllabus.

In addition to commentaries, students will be asked to lead one class discussion. For details on how to structure a discussion, go here. On their discussion day, students should submit their materials instead of their commentary using the online submission system. The discussant should read all student commentaries before class and integrate them into the discussion.


Note: Stanford students can use the Stanford Library proxy for off-campus access to the readings posted on ACM Portal.

Date Topic


30 Mar Course Introduction


As We May Think, Vannevar Bush, The Atlantic Monthly, July 1945.
1 April Seminal Ideas
Discussants: Maria Sandberg and Catherine Harrell

Direct Manipulation Interfaces, Edwin L. Hutchins, James D. Hollan, and Donald A. Norman, Human-Computer Interaction, 1(4), 1985, pp. 311 - 338.

User Technology: From Pointing to Pondering, Stuart K. Card and Thomas P. Moran, ACM Conference on the history of personal workstations, 1986, pp. 183 - 98.
6 April
Ubiquitous Computing
Discussants: Liz Lin and Shrestha Chowdhury

The Computer for the 21st Century, Mark Weiser, Scientific American, September 1991, pp. 94 - 104.

At the Flick of a Switch: Detecting and Classifying Unique Electrical Events on the Residential Power line Patel, S.N., Robertson, T., Kientz, J.A., Abowd, G.D., In the Proceedings of Ubicomp 2007, pp. 271-288.
8 April
Tangible & Haptic Interaction
Discussants: Diana Maclean and Salman Ahmed

Getting in Touch, Paul Dourish in Where the Action Is, pp. 25-54

Enabling Always-Available Input with Muscle-Computer Interfaces Saponas T.S., Tan, D.S., Morris, D., Balakrishnana, R., Turner, J., Landay, J.A., In Proceedings ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (Victoria, BC, Oct '09)
9 April

Research Group Partner Choices Due, 7:00am

13 April CSCW
Guest Lecturer: Marc Smith
Discussants: Kyle Barrett and Charlton Soesanto

Beyond Being There, Jim Hollan and Scott Stornetta, CHI 1992: ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 119 - 25.

Distance Matters, Gary Olson and Judith Olson, Human-Computer Interaction, 15(2/3), 2000, pp. 139 - 178.
15 April Social Computing
Guest Lecturer: Marc Smith
Discussants: Juan Tamayo and Ravi Parikh

Coase's Penguin, or Linux and the Nature of the Firm, Yochai Benkler, Yale Law Journal, 112:369, 2002. Read sections I and III.

Predicting Tie Strength With Social Media Gilbert, E., Karahalios, K., Proceedings of the 27th Internation Conference on Human Factors in Computign Systems, 2009


Recommender Systems, Paul Resnick, Hal R. Varian, Communications of the ACM, 40(3), March 1997, pp. 56-58.
16 April

Project Abstract Draft Due at 7:00am - Submit Online

20 April Research
Discussant: Sean Holbert

The Science of Design, Herbert A. Simon in The Sciences of the Artificial, 1969, pp. 128-159.

Pastuer's Quadrant, Ch. 3, Stokes D.E., pp 58-89
22 April Fieldwork
Discussants: Robert Graebert and Daniel Wiesenthal

Thick Description, Clifford Geertz, in The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. (New York: Basic Books, 1973), pp. 3-30.

An Ethnographic Approach to Design, Jeanette Blomberg, Mark Burrell, and Greg Guest, in The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook, A. Sears, J. Jacko, ed., 2003, pp. 964-986.
27 April Evaluation
Discussant: Jonathan Kass

Methodology Matters: Doing Research in the behavioral and social sciences, Joseph E. McGrath, in Readings in Human-Computer Interaction: Toward the Year 2000, R. M. Baecker, J. Grudin, W. A. S. Buxton, S. Greenberg, ed., 1995, pp. 152 - 169.

Practical Guide to Controlled Experiments on the Web, Ron Kohavi, Randal Henne, Dan Sommerfield, KDD 2007: ACM Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, pp. TBD.
29 April Distributed Cognition
Discussant: Namwook Kim

The Power of Representation, Donald Norman in Things that Make Us Smart, 1993, pp. 43-76.

On Distinguishing Pragmatic from Epistemic Action, David Kirsh and Paul Maglio, Cognitive Science, 1994, pp. 513-549.
30 April

Project Abstract Final Due at 7:00am - Submit Online

4 May Design Methods
Discussant: Renata Aryanti

Sitemaps, storyboards, and specifications: a sketch of Web site design practice, Mark Newman and James Landay, DIS 2000: ACM Symposium on Designing Interactive Systems, pp. 263 - 274.

Getting the Right Design and the Design Right: Testing Many Is Better Than One, Maryam Tohidi, William Buxton, Ronald Baecker, Abigail Sellen CHI 2006: ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1243 - 1252.
6 May Design Process & Tools
Discuassants: Sameer Madan and Matt Sencenbaugh

Reflective physical prototyping through integrated design, test, and analysis, Björn Hartmann, Scott R. Klemmer, Michael Bernstein, Leith Abdulla, Brandon Burr, Avi Robinson-Mosher, Jennifer Gee, UIST 2006: ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology.


The Designers’ Outpost: A Tangible Interface for Collaborative Web Site Design, Scott R. Klemmer, Mark W. Newman, Ryan Farrell, Mark Bilezikjian, James A. Landay, UIST 2001: ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology: pp. 1–10. (video)
11 May Information Visualization
Discussant: Matt Garr

Information Visualization (Ch. 1), Stuart K. Card, Jock D. Mackinlay, Ben Shneiderman in Readings in Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1999, pp. 1 - 34. (FilmFinder video, Treemap video, book website)


Voyagers and Voyeurs: Supporting Asynchronous Collaborative Information Visualization, Jeffrey Heer, Fernanda Viegas, Martin Wattenberg, CHI 2007: ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1029 - 1038.
13 May Input Techniques
Discussants: Frank Chen and Elliot Babchick

Motor Behavior Models for Human Computer Interaction, MacKenzie, Chapter 3 from HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks


Informing the Design of Direct-Touch Tabletops, Chia Shen, Kathy Ryall, Clifton Forlines, Alan Esenther, Frederic D. Vernier, Katherine Everitt, Mike Wu, Daniel Wigdor, Meredith Ringel Morris, Mark Hancock, Edward Tse, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 26(5), September 2006, pp. 36-46.


Multi-Touch Systems that I Have Known and Loved, Bill Buxton.
18 May Speech & Multimodal Interaction
Discussants: Min Ming Lo and David Tran

Taking the Time to Care: Empowering Low Health Literacy Hospital Patients with Virtual Nurse Agents Bickmore, T., Pfeifer, L., and Jack, B., Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), Boston, MA, 2009


Designing SpeechActs: Issues in Speech User Interfaces, Nicole Yankelovich, Gian-Anne Levow, Matt Marx, CHI 1995: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 369 - 376.
20 May Models of Performance and Behavior
Discussants: Kristen Lurie and Pasha Nahass

Exploring and Finding Information, Pirolli, Chapter 7 HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks


A Morphological Analysis of the Design Space of Input Devices, Stuart K. Card, Jock D. Mackinlay, and George G. Robertson, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, Volume 9, Issue 2, 1992, pp. 99-122.
21 May

Project Progress Meetings with Staff - Schedule TBD Submit Online

25 May User Interface Toolkits and Adaptive Interfaces
Discussants: Rob Ryan and Keegan Poppen

Past, Present, and Future of User Interface Software Tools, Brad Myers, Scott E. Hudson, Randy Pausch, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, March 2000, pp. 3 - 28.


Improving the Performance of motor-impaired users with automatically-generated, Ability-Based Interfaces, Gajos, K.Z., Wobbrock, J.O., Weld, D.S., Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth annual SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computings Systems, 2008
27 May Search User Interfaces
Discussants: Vignan Pattamatta and Garrett Eastham

Example-Centric Programming: Integrating Web Search into the Development Environment, Brandt, J., Dontcheva, M., Weskamp, M., Klemmer, S.R., CHI 2010


The Design of Search User Interfaces, Hearst, M., Chapter 1 from Search User Interfaces
Also available online [here]
1 June Mobile
Discussants: Giannis Neokleous and Pao Siangliulue

Metadata Creation System for Mobile Images Sarvas, R., Herrarte, E., Wilhelm, A., Davis, M., proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Mobile systems, applications, and services, 2004.


Computers and Iphones and Mobile Phones, oh my! a logs-based comparison of search users on different devices, Kamvar, M., Kellar, M., Patel, R., Xu, Y., Proceedings of the 18th international conference on World wide web, 2009
4 June

Class Project Presentations - 12:45pm-3:15pm
Guest Jurors: Terry Winograd and Stu Card
Location: Wallenberg 124

7 June

Project Papers Due at at 7:00am - Submit Online