CS547 Human-Computer Interaction Seminar  (Seminar on People, Computers, and Design)

Fridays 12:50-2:05 · Gates B01 · Open to the public
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Saadi Lahlou · EDF
Back from the office of the future: Lessons learned for the design of augmented environments
April 7, 2006

In 2000, the Laboratory of Design for Cognition at EDF R&D (a 50 billion euro electricity utility, mainly nuclear, with 150 000 staff including over 60 000 office workers) constructed a living laboratory to observe white collar practice and to design "augmented environments" for more comfortable work experience and increased efficiency. Addressing the "cognitive overflow syndrome" which was our main organisational target.

The K1 building is a 4000 sq ft "observation box" with flexible infrastructure where observation systems monitor volunteer users who use the space for their ordinary activity in the long run. The idea was to create and support a full-scale "office of the future", inhabited by real users for real work ("experimental reality"), see what happens, and design solutions to the emergent problems.

The main experiment involved participative design with a project team of 20 engineers who had their workstations in the K1 and were observed continuously for 3 years using an advanced ICT environment.
Eg. We videotaped over 100 meetings of this group, time-lapse videoed the space for the whole period, subjects recorded daily activity with head-mounted miniature video cameras (subcam) etc. International collaboration (Aaron Cicourel -UCSD-, Valery Nosulenko -Russian Academy of Science-, Norbert Streitz -Fraunhofer- …) enabled testing various theories and methods on the field.
This project produced and tuned several operational systems, some of which are now used in the company. For instance we came out with a "killer-ap" for synchronous distributed collaboration, and with a method that works for disseminating technical innovation within the organization.
The experiments in this unique setting also produced constructive design failures, and yield many methodological and theoretical results, e.g. about observation biases.

This talk will present and discuss aspects of this work, and more specifically the lessons learned for design.
I'll describe our setting of "experimental reality" for participative design, with the observation techniques especially the subcam, -including the novel strategy which we used to deal with the substantial amount of data gathered. Our design principles and approach with be illustrated by some collaboration systems we produced and our method for viral deployment in the company.



Saadi Lahlou is Head, Laboratory of Design for Cognition, Electricité de France R & D/ SINETICS dept. He graduated as Statistician Economist at ENSAE (Paris; 1983) and obtained his PhD in Social Psychology under supervision of Serge Moscovici at Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris. He also holds degrees in Human Biology and Ethology.

After studying facial mimics of newborns in the CNRS-INSERM research unit of Michel Jouvet, he joined the CREDOC (Research Center for Lifestyles and Social Policies, Paris) where he directed the Consumer Forecasting Department from 1987 to 1993. There he set up large statistical observation instruments (such as the Observatoire des Consommations Alimentaires, now part of Agence Française pour la Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments), contributed to the development of automated text analysis and to the application of multivariate analysis methods to behavioral and cultural studies. He then joined EDF R&D where was head of the Internal Social Forecast Group (1993-1998), head of Cognitive Studies (1998-2000), then head of the Laboratory of Design for Cognition. There he conducted organizational studies, developed video observation techniques and design approaches. He is currently in charge of strategic forecast in the ICT domain for the EDF R&D executive board.

Saadi Lahlou is also associate Directeur de Recherches CNRS at the Center for Transdisciplinary Studies (EHESS/CETSAH), and Directeur Scientifique in charge of the"Cognitive Technologies" Programme at Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme (Paris). He is founder and coordinator of the RUFAE network (Research on User-Friendly Augmented Environments: www.rufae.net). He has published in the areas of social psychology, survey and forecast methods, lexical analysis, consumer behaviour and cognition.